PLANTING IN 2 ROWS

During this planting, the bulbs are placed in two staggered rows at a distance of 10 cm from each other. The rows are formed using a motor cultivator or manually, the bulbs are planted and then covered in the next row. It is only necessary to check if they are well covered and if needed to adjust manually. The depth of planting should be 3 – 5 cm. From the ground to the top the cover should be 6-9 cm, and the bulb itself should be covered with a total of 9-14 cm of land depending on the entrepreneur’s desire. When planting is deeper the yield is lower, but the quality is higher. When planting is done at a lesser depth, the yield is higher, but the quality is then lower. It is good to stick to a medium version of about 10-12 cm. A gap of 38 cm is left, which allows, if desired, treatment with a motocultivator. About 40,000 bulbs are needed for one decare. After planting the bulbs are not watered. Placing pegs and tying with sisal can be used for more comfortable work. Thus, when planting, there will be no line shifting even when working with additional workers.

saffron planting
PLANTING IN 4 ROWS

In this variant, the bulbs are placed in 4 parallel rows, with 15 cm spacing between the rows of the raised flower bed. The distance between bulbs is 10 cm. During this planting we can use a tractor with bulb seedlings, leaving a distance between the rows of 25 cm. This allows the free movement of a small tractor with an attachment of 80 cm. The width of the line is 75 cm in total. In their movement and shaping the rows are automatically buried with soil. It is good to monitor the tractor’s movements and if it is necessary to correct it manually. The depth of planting is similar to the other option: it should be 3 – 5 cm under the ground and an additional 6-9 cm cover on top, the total cover of the bulb must be about 9-14 cm depending on the desire of the entrepreneur. When planting is deeper the yield is lower, but the quality is higher. When planting at a lesser depth the yield is higher, but the quality decreases. It is good to do an average version of about 10 – 12 cm. With this option there is a possibility of placing 80 000 bulbs per 1 decare.

saffron planting

REDUCTION

Saffron crocus, which is grown in Bulgaria, has no specific irrigation needs. Only when the summer is very dry, you may need irrigation. Usually the cultivation relies mainly on rains. Rainfall just before flowering increases yields.

CLIMATE AND SOIL

Saffron grows in areas with a Mediterranean and continental climate. The history of its development shows that the plant adapts very well and at extreme temperatures – in the summer to up to…

SEEDLING OF SAFFRON

The saffron crocus is relatively resistant plant which is not attacked by many pests. Dangers to saffron are several types of parasites, the most common are:

HARVESTING OF SAFFRON

In the autumn, blooming of the saffron crocus starts about 40 – 50 days after planting of the bulbs. If the bulbs are from a previous year and had spent the winter in the ground, they start their flowering since the beginning of October.